What Is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis (OA) is long-lasting joint pain due to damage to protective tissue called cartilage. The damage of cartilage causes the bones within the joint to rub themselves leading to pain and stiffness in that area. OA is often found in the case of older people. The causes of OA are due to wear and tear of your joints or past injuries like torn cartilage, dislocation of joints and spinal injury.

What are the signs of Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is the complex case of pain that is linked with biomechanical diseases like abnormal joint loading, joint instability, inflammatory joint, and genetics. The impact of osteoarthritis on quality of life is severe, as it can occur in any joint of your body. However, the most affected areas of OA are hands, fingers, knees, lower neck and lower back. The common signs of minor OA are pain, discomfort, and stiffness in the affected area. Although the symptoms for the severe OA are mentioned below:

Increase in Swelling:

OA can lead to an increase in synovial fluid within the affected joints. This fluid leads to a reduction in friction during the movement of joints which in turn causes swelling of joints.

Severe Pain:

Due to an increase in the fluids in the broken cartilage of the affected bones causes the feeling of pain while performing regular activities. This pain becomes severe while taking rest. It might also lead to swelling in joints if the level of pain is increased due to the extreme use of the affected joint throughout the day.

A Decrease in Motion:

The swelling in the affected joint by OA can lead to stiffness of your joints which makes your day to day activities harder by decreasing the motion of the joint.

Less Stable Joints:

The stability of your joints decreases due to severe OA in joints. This severeness of OA can lead to a lack of movement in the joint and buckling which causes falls while movement.

What is the cure for Osteoarthritis?

To reduce the synovial fluid in the cartilage tissue of the affected joint, the following treatments will help you to cure the severe OA:


Performing physical exercises regularly will help you to strengthen your muscles around the joint and also help you to get relief from the stiffness of the muscles. Try doing physical movement exercise for 20-30 minutes at least or some gentle activities like walking and swimming. Yoga techniques will also help to increase your joint flexibility and manage pain effectively.

Weight Loss:

Overweight people are more prone to severe OA, as the joint muscles are strained more in their case which causes pain. Losing weight can help them to reduce the strain on the muscles and also lower the risk of other health problems.

Adequate sleep:

To reduce swelling and inflammation in the affected joint, the resting of the muscle is a must. The adequate sleep at night will help you to rest your affected muscles more and manage the pain by reducing swelling of the affected joints.

Heat and Cold therapy:

The use of hot water and cold water bag will help you to attain relief from the muscle pain and stiffness in the joint. This kind of treatment can be done for 15-20 minutes several times a day.


Therefore, to repair the cartilage tissue and mechanical stress caused due to damage the protective tissues can be repaired with the help of these easy and comfortable treatments. Though the above are some home remedies, consulting doctors for rapid treatment is also a must.


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What Is Osteoarthritis?